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Prior to beginning work on this assignment, please review the article Blended Sentencing Laws and the Punitive Turn in Juvenile Justice (Schaefer and Uggen, 2016). The Final Paper You will prepare a four to six-page paper that addresses the questions below which relate to each of the three sections for the case of People v. Joey Juvenile. There are three sections for discussion with two sub-parts that need to be addressed within each section. The best way to present your paper will be with sub-headings which address each of the “Issue and Process Summaries” listed below. Be sure to include at least three reliable/credible sources other than the textbook, at least one of which must be found in the University of Arizona Global Campus Library. It is expected that you will draw resources from your Week 3 Annotated Bibliography assignment, but you may select other resources if you choose to do so. Note: To access the University of Arizona Global Campus Library directly, click on the Writing Center and Library links in your left navigation. Watch the Database Search Tips (Links to an external site.) video for more and see the Searching the University of Arizona Global Campus Library Download Searching the University of Arizona Global Campus Librarydocument for assignment-specific search tips. Note: You are encouraged to integrate any feedback from your instructor and upload the assignment to your ePortfolio (Links to an external site.). Background You work as a paralegal in a public defender’s office. In a current criminal case, the public defender represents Joey Juvey, a juvenile, and plans to address criminal justice issues, constitutional principles, cultural sensitivity, and diversity awareness in the criminal trial and hopes to promote social justice goals in local communities. This is a high-profile case, meaning that the press is reporting on every aspect of the charges on both local and national programs. You have been asked to assist the public defender in preparing theories for defense which not only best benefit the defendant but also highlight the societal issues inherent in the case. To this end, you will explore processes, issues applications for criminology, and relevant critical perspectives toward the goal of building a more just society. Your Task The public defender believes that her defense of Joey Juvey highlights significant criminal justice issues that the public needs to be made aware of and address. The defense lawyer sees herself in a dual function in this case; she must defend her client to the best of her abilities while seizing the opportunity to educate the public about current, critical criminal justice issues. To provide context for the public defender’s public exposure and trial strategy. Section No. 1: Juvenile Justice, Transfer to Adult Court and the 8th Amendment: Cruel and Unusual Punishment Case Description (also included in the multimedia content) The State wants to transferJoey Juvey from the juvenile justice system to the adult criminal justice system for drug related charges. He is being held in juvenile detention pending trial. If convicted as an adult, Juvey could receive a prison sentence in an adult correctional facility. He grew up and still resides in a severely impoverished community. The public defender will claim that the correctional facility conditions violate Eighth Amendment rights due to cruel and unusual punishment in the form of overcrowded and unsafe cell conditions. She argues that cell conditions are highly unsanitary and unacceptably crowded in violation of Juvey’s constitutional rights. Issue and Process Summary For these issues, examine the following: The impact of transferring Juvey from the juvenile justice system to the adult criminal justice system, and Issues in this case include cell conditions within the context of the Eighth Amendment. How will the court examine the Eighth Amendment’s prohibition against “cruel and unusual punishment and apply it to Juvey’s case? Section No. 2: Juvenile Justice and the 5th Amendment Right Against Self-Incrimination When in custody, Juvey claims that law enforcement asked incriminating questions about the investigation. While his parents were present during the custodial interrogation, law enforcement did not communicate the right to remain silent in Joey or his parents’ primary language. Everyone agrees that his parents have no understanding of the English language. Think about how cultural sensitivity should impact procedures for officers assigned to communities with diverse languages. Issue and Process Summary For these issues, evaluate the following: Can the State prove that Juvey understood the waiver of his Miranda rights, and How should law enforcement interact with the public and the accused in multilingual communities. Section No. 3: Racial Make Up of Juries The defense attorney believes that the county court system systematically fails to summon non-Caucasians for jury trials in the jurisdiction where Juvey’s case could ultimately be tried. She wants to assert that the failure to summons minorities to jury service is a violation of constitutional rights and undermines the legitimacy of the trial process. The defense lawyer has data that shows while the community is comprised 42% Caucasian and 58% minority eligible jurors, but routinely over 80% of those issued a summons to appear for jury duty are Caucasian. Please review the case summary of Batson v. Kentucky (Links to an external site.) (1985) and Foster v. Chatman (2016) available through the webpage link under the “Required Resources” section and consider how the United States Supreme Court addresses the issue of racial discrimination within the context of juror exclusion. Issue and Process Summary For these issues, discuss the following: fairness in jury pool and jury selection, and the impacts of juror exclusion by race. The Building a More Just Society paper Must be four to six double-spaced pages in length (not including title and references pages) and formatted according to APA Style (Links to an external site.) as outlined in the Writing Center’s APA Formatting for Microsoft Word (Links to an external site.) resource. Must include a separate title page with the following: Title of paper Student’s name Course name and number Instructor’s name Date submitted Must utilize academic voice. See the Academic Voice (Links to an external site.) resource for additional guidance. Must include an introduction and conclusion paragraph. Your introduction paragraph needs to end with a clear thesis statement that indicates the purpose of your paper. For assistance on writing Introductions & Conclusions (Links to an external site.) as well as Writing a Thesis Statement (Links to an external site.), refer to the Writing Center resources. Must use at least three sources in addition to the textbook, one of which must be found in the University of Arizona Global Campus Library. The three sources required (in addition to the textbook), must be scholarly or credible. The Scholarly, Peer Reviewed, and Other Credible Sources (Links to an external site.) table offers additional guidance on appropriate source types. If you have questions about whether a specific source is appropriate for this assignment, please contact your instructor. Your instructor has the final say about the appropriateness of a specific source for a particular assignment. The Integrating Research (Links to an external site.) tutorial will offer further assistance with including supporting information and reasoning. Must document all sources in APA style as outlined in the Writing Center’s Citing Within Your Paper (Links to an external site.) guide. Must include a separate references page that is formatted according to APA Style as outlined in the Writing Center. See the APA: Formatting Your References List (Links to an external site.) resource in the Writing Center for specifications.. Articles Cochran, J. C., Mears, D. P., & Bales, W. D. (2014). Assessing the effectiveness of correctional sanctions. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 30(2), 317–347. Frautso, C. (2018). Integrating evidence-based practices into judicial sentencing in the wake of realignment’s split sentencing. Golden Gate University Law Review, 48(2), 207–226. Retrieved from Laub, J. H. (2018). Reducing justice system inequality: Introducing the issue. Future of Children, 28(1), 3–10. Retrieved from Messer, S., Patten, R., & Candela, K. (2016). Drug courts and the facilitation of turning points: An expansion of life course theory. Contemporary Drug Problems, 43(1), 6–24. Pitts, J. M., Griffin, O. H., & Johnson, W. W. (2014). Contemporary prison overcrowding: Short-term fixes to a perpetual problem. Contemporary Justice Review, 17(1), 124–139. Salvatore, C. (2017). The emerging adulthood gap: Integrating emerging adulthood into life course criminology. International Social Science Review, 93(1), 1–22. Retrieved from Schaefer, S. S., & Uggen, C. (2016). Blended sentencing laws and the punitive turn in juvenile justice. Law & Social Inquiry, 41(2), 435–463. Zoutewelle-Terovan, M., & Skardhamar, T. (2016). Timing of change in criminal offending around entrance into parenthood: Gender and cross-country comparisons for at-risk individuals. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 32(4), 695–722. Multimedia Russell, M. (2015, September). Melvin Russell at TEDxMidAtlantic: I love being a police officer, but we need reform (Links to an external site.) [Video file]. Retrieved from TEDx Talks. (2016, October 19). How the warrior mindset shapes law enforcement | Dean Crisp | TEDxTyron (Links to an external site.) [Video file]. Retrieved from TEDx Talks. (2016, May 12). Problem-oriented policing: Where social work meets law enforcement | Derrick Jackson | TEDxYDL (Links to an external site.) [Video file]. Retrieved from TEDx Talks. (2016, March 3). Warrior vs. guardian mindsets in policing | Mike D’Antonio | TEDxLosGatosHighSchool (Links to an external site.) [Video file]. Retrieved from Web Pages Administrative Office of the . Courts. (.). About federal courts (Links to an external site.). Retrieved from National Archive of Justice Data. (.). National archive of criminal justice data (Links to an external site.). Retrieved from O*NET OnLine. (.). Criminal Justice (Links to an external site.). Retrieved from Oyez. Miranda v. Arizona (Links to an external site.). (.). Retrieved from Oyez. Terry v. Ohio (Links to an external site.). (.). Retrieved from Oyez. Weeks v. United States (Links to an external site.). (.). Retrieved from United States Courts. (1986). Facts and case summary – Batson v. Kentucky (Links to an external site.). Retrieved from . Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs. (.). Juvenile arrest rates (Links to an external site.). Retrieved from Websites Bureau of Justice Statistics (Links to an external site.). () FBI: Uniform Crime Reporting (Links to an external site.). () National Institute of Justice (Links to an external site.). ()
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