Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Infectious Disease Prevention and Control CASE STUDY Mumps and hockey go togethe

by | May 15, 2022 | Nursing | 0 comments


Infectious Disease Prevention and Control CASE STUDY
Mumps and hockey go together like . . . a stick and a spit?
In late 2014, the US National Hockey League (NHL) faced a mystery: Why had 18 (and counting)
players come down with the mumps in the same 8-week period between October 17 and December 17?
The NHL has had a history of difficulties with stopping the spread of MRSA among players—but adding
mumps into the mix caught everyone involved by surprise. The surprise was big enough, in fact, to lead
to two lawsuits (at the time of this writing) against Merck, the pharmaceutical company that won the
right to be the sole provider of the vaccine in the United States. The company is being accused of hiding
or misrepresenting facts about how well the MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella) vaccine offers
protection against mumps.
The outbreak in the NHL led to proactive moves in other sports organizations—in particular, the
National Football League (NFL) and the National Basketball Association (NBA), especially in cities when
NHL and NBA clubs were sharing the same arena or, in the case of some teams (e.g., the New York
Knicks and New York Rangers), even the same practice facility.
Mumps is a viral infection spread mainly through saliva (by coughing, sneezing—or spitting,
something that occurs quite a lot in hockey!). After the vaccine was developed in the 1960s, mumps
became a fairly rare phenomenon (fewer than 1000 cases a year). But the past decade has seen a
resurgence, partly because many patients fail to get boosters on time, while at the same time immunity
tends to fail more than 10% of the time, even among those patients who do get all their boosters on
time. Finally, patients are contagious before symptoms show up.
So, besides some lawsuits, what has been the upshot within multiple sports leagues?
Although cases are still occurring at the time of this writing, sports leagues have called on the
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and other medical experts to guide them in
establishing standardized preventive measures (including the CDC’s revisiting the standards for booster
shots) and educational strategies for both players and staff on how communicable diseases are spread.
Howard J. Mumps fosters cautious approach. ESPN NHL. December 23, 2014. Accessed
January 1, 2015.
Mohamadi A. How did the NFL have a mumps outbreak? SBNation. December 5, 2014. Accessed January 1,
1. How does the agent–host–environment triangle play out here? How would you describe mumps
2. Although mumps spreads dramatically—and some said “mysteriously”—through the NHL, not
everyone was infected. What are three factors that determine who is infected and who is not?
3. Given what this story reveals about the nature of mumps’ contagious state, were players capable of
passing on the infection during the incubation period, the communicable period, or both


What Will You Get?

Premium Quality

Get result-oriented writing and never worry about grades anymore. We follow the highest quality standards to make sure that you get perfect assignments.

Experienced Writers

Our writers have experience in dealing with papers of every educational level. You can surely rely on the expertise of our qualified professionals.



On-Time Delivery

Your deadline is our threshold for success and we take it very seriously. We make sure you receive your papers before your predefined time.


24/7 Customer Support

Someone from our customer support team is always here to respond to your questions. So, hit us up if you have got any ambiguity or concern.


Complete Confidentiality

Sit back and relax while we help you out with writing your papers. We have an ultimate policy for keeping your personal and order-related details a secret.


Moneyback Guarantee

Still reluctant about placing an order? Our 100% Moneyback Guarantee backs you up on rare occasions where you aren’t satisfied with the writing.


Our Services

Join us for the best experience while seeking writing assistance in your college life. A good grade is all you need to boost up your academic excellence and we are all about it.

  • On-time Delivery
  • 24/7 Order Tracking
  • Access to Authentic Sources


Expository essay of mine is well combined with the pre-made book review. Many thanks for your fast support and quick assistance with the writing.


Munich, Germany

I needed a research summary to be rewritten according to the stylistic rules used in this college. Everything was done as I asked, I enjoyed the discount and will order again. Didn’t communicate with the writer.


Ashingtons, UK

Thanks Elite Academic Essays for helping me sell myself in the best possible way! You’ve done a magnificent job of tying all the pieces of my school application together and creating a holistic image of who I am and what I’ve done in a very bold and captivating manner. Marvelous!



Let’s Get Started

Delegate Your Challenging Writing Tasks to Experienced Professionals

Work with ultimate peace of mind because we ensure that your academic work is our responsibility and your grades are a top concern for us!